Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Post by Phoenix » Sat Jun 05, 2010 3:35 pm's_h ... y_of_needs

Maslow's hierarchy of needs
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An interpretation of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, represented as a pyramid with the more basic needs at the bottom.[1]Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology, proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation.[2] Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans' innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories of human developmental psychology, all of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans.

Maslow studied what he called exemplary people such as Albert Einstein, Jane Addams, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Frederick Douglass rather than mentally ill or neurotic people, writing that "the study of crippled, stunted, immature, and unhealthy specimens can yield only a cripple psychology and a cripple philosophy."[3] Maslow also studied the healthiest 1% of the college student population.[citation needed]

Maslow's theory was fully expressed in his 1954 book Motivation and Personality.[4]

Contents [hide]
1 Representations
2 Deficiency needs
2.1 Physiological needs
2.2 Safety needs
2.3 Love and Belonging
2.4 Esteem
2.5 Self-actualization
3 Criticisms
4 Marketing
5 See also
6 References
7 External links
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